What Is Yom Kippur & When Is Yom Kippur
Day Of Atonement: Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur translates to ‘day of awe’ in Hebrew. It is the day of atonement of sins for followers of Judaism and the Jewish people all around the world mark this day to atone the sins between men not for the sins against another man. To a tone another person for the sins committed, one has to seek reconciliation from that person and then try to right wrong committed against him. For Yom Kippur that is about what has to be done all in all.
It is significant for the Jewish as on this day they refrain from their daily routine and work, keep a fast and attend services at the synagogues. They interact with other members of their community to repent for the sins they might have committed and seek an asylum for their misdeeds. On this all the wrongdoings are said to be forgotten among men and they try to lead a better life sans sorrow.
Rituals and beliefs:
This day is complete Sabath where no work should be performed. One should refrain from eating anything and she is not even allowed to sip even a glass of water. This day is observed a full 25 hour fast which begins on the eve of the Yom Kippur and end after night of the complete day of the Yom Kippur. Scriptures like Talmud species other details regarding routine tasks which are lesser known namely; anointing one’s face (with cosmetics), bathing and washing. Even wearing leather shoes is prohibited on this day so much so that some Jewish wear canvas shoes on the day of Yom Kippur. People also believe that on this day, they should not indulge in any kind of sexual relationships.
But these restrictions can be lifted or slacked if there is a threat to health of a n individual. Children below nine years of age and women who have indulged in childbirth are also not allowed to keep a fast. A rabbi can always be contacted if need be on the rituals to follow on this day.
How is Yom Kippur observed?
The entire 25 hour duration of the fast is spent inside a synagogue. In many synagogues, services start early in the morning and continue till the afternoon. People after that usually retreat to take a nap and return in the evenings for the evening services which take place till nightfall. Then after the end of the services, the tekiah gedolah is blown which is said to be a blash on shofar. It is mandatory to dress in white on this day. White is said to symbolise peace of mind and harmony of the body. Also, orthodox Jewish wear kittel which is traditionally wore when a person is laid to rest in her grave.
Yom Kippur Liturgy
The liturgy for this day is many times more extensive than other days of the year. They tend to get so far reached that a complete different book is followed on this day. This book dealing with prayers is named as the machzor. The evening services on the Yom Kippur are called the Kol Nidre, which means the prayer that initiates the service. It mentions that any person who is capable of passing the test of washing their sins away is the one who can survive the challenges of humanity. These words are sung in an ancient song which was a prayer to the Gods in Hebrew. These prayers have often been branded as satanic and anti-jewish people believe it to be the hymns of the devil.
There are basically two part of the confession: Ashamanu, the general and exclusive list mentioning all human grievances and AlCheit, a more inclusive list of human traits which mislead her to go on the wrong path.
This day, thus commemorates the celebration of washing away all the sins committed in human life.